What Is The Spread In Forex? How Do You Calculate It?

You have probably heard the term spread if you have ever traded on any financial market. The spread is the primary cost of trading. Spread is the cost of forex trading. It is related to the selling and buying price of currency pair trading. You can see a slight difference between the sell and buy price for a currency pair when you look at the quoted price. This difference is called the bid, or more commonly, the bid/ask spread.

There are fluctuations in the spread that are not as frequent as others. These fluctuations are measured using pips. The spread’s smaller price movements are determined by pips. These changes occur in the fourth decimal position of the currency pair. There is one exception: when currency pairs are traded in JPY, such changes are in the fourth decimal spot. The changes in this instance are calculated at the second decimal position. The zero spread brokers determine the total cost of trades and the lot size.

It is must to read the broker review that provide high leverage and low spread can offer trading options, including the possibility of buying one currency pair in return for another. The currency that you sell is called the base currency. The currency that you will buy is known as the quote currency. There are two terms that you will encounter when trading foreign currency. The bid price is the cost to buy the base currency. The ask price is the selling price of the same.

How Do You Calculate The Spread In Forex?

To calculate the zero spread forex brokers, you first need to determine the difference in buying and selling prices in terms of pip. This is done by subtracting the ask price from the bid price. If you trade EUR/USD at 1.3091/1.3093 the spread will be 1.3093-1.3091, i.e. 0.002 or 2 pip.

Spreads can have high or low leverage. Spreads that have more pips are considered to be wider. If the situation is reversed, the spread will be tight. The brokers with tight spread are preferred by traders as it ensures that their trading conditions are favorable and affordable.

There are many possibilities that the spreads of the widest brokers will be too low. This is the case when the market is not liquid but volatile. However, if the market becomes more volatile, the spread will be tighter. The spread for major economies like EUR/USD will be, for example, tighter. It is however wider for emerging currency pairs such as USD/ZAR. However, this is not always true as spreads can change due to many factors.

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Why Forex Spread Changes

Spread fluctuations in forex are most commonly caused by changes in the buy or sell price of FX pairs. This is called the variable spread. Variable spread is a common feature of forex trading. The forex spread can be increased if there is an announcement that could cause volatility in the leverage market. Variable spreads have one major drawback: traders can be forced to close their positions if they widen significantly. They also have the option of a margin call. To be informed of future financial events, it is a good idea to keep an eye on the economic calendar.

You have many options to find the best forex tools for obtaining forex spreads. Make sure that you choose a platform that offers both minor and major currency pairs, and that has the lowest forex spreads. You should also ensure that the platform has a team that is capable of providing technical analysis and support.


Forex spread refers to the primary cost associated with the purchase and sale price of an FX pair. It is always expressed in pips. It is calculated by subtracting the sell price from the buy price. Keep in mind that forex spreads can be variable as opposed to fixed spreads brokers for other markets. Spreads can vary depending on market volatility, liquidity and other factors that could cause them to change.